Jumat, 19 Oktober 2012

CONTOH ANALISIS USAHA TANI


Analisis Usaha Tani Tomat
Analisis Usaha Tani Tomat
(Luas 1 Hektar)
I. Persiapan Lahan
A. Bahan
-  Dolomit                                            2.000 kg@Rp150         Rp    300.000
-  Pupuk Kandang                               20.000 kg@Rp250         Rp 5.000.000
-  Pupuk NPK                                      1.500kg@Rp3.500      Rp 5.250.000
-  Pestisida alami untuk tanah                     18kg@Rp8.500      Rp    153.000
-  Mulsa                                                     10rol@Rp400.000 Rp 4.000.000
                                                                                               ---------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp14.703.000
B. Tenaga Kerja
-  Pembersihan Lahan                           40 HKP@Rp12.000    Rp   480.000
-  Pengolahan Tanah                             80HKP@Rp12.000     Rp   960.000
-  Perawatan Bedengan                      150 HKP@Rp12.000    Rp1.800.000
-  Pengapuran                                       10HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   100.000
-  Penaburan Pupuk Kandang                36HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   360.000
-  Penaburan Pupuk Buatan                  10 HKW@Rp10.000  Rp   120.000
-  Pemasangan Mulsa                            48HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   480.000
                                                                                               --------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp4.300.000
II. Pembibitan dan Persemaian
A.Bahan
-  Polibag                                             15kg@Rp15.000         Rp  225.000
-  Benih                                                10pak@Rp65.000       Rp  650.000
-  Sungkup Plastik                                 75 mRp3.500               Rp  262.500
                                                                                               --------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp1.137.500
B. Tenaga Kerja
-  Semai                                                45HKW@Rp10.000   Rp  450.000
-  Pembuatan Lubang Tanam                10 HKP@Rp12.000    Rp  120.000
-  Penanaman & Penyulaman                40 HKW@Rp10.000  Rp  400.000
                                                                                               -------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp  970.000
III. Pemeliharaan
A. Bahan
-  Ajir                                               21.000 batang@Rp150    Rp3.150.000
-  Insektisida                                        20liter@Rp150.000     Rp3.000.000
-  Fungisida                                           65 kg@50.000            Rp3.250.000
-  Perekat Serangga                              5liter@Rp120.000       Rp  600.000
-  Fungisida Hayati Patogen Tanah        10kg@Rp50.000         Rp  500.000
-  Pupuk Daun                                      5liter@Rp25.000         Rp  125.000
-  Zat Pengatur Tumbuh                        3liter@Rp65.000         Rp  195.000
-  Rafia                                                 15kg@Rp15.000         Rp  225.000
-  Herbisida                                          5liter@Rp50.000         Rp  250.000
                                                                                               -------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp11.295.000
B. Tenaga Kerja
-  Pemangkasan                                    60HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   600.000
-  Pasang Ajir                                       30HKP@Rp12.000     Rp   360.000
-  Pupuk Susulan                                   20HKW@Rp10.000   Rp   200.000
-  Penyemprotan                                150 HKP@Rp12.000    Rp1.800.000
-  Panen & Pascapanen                         300HKW@Rp10.000 Rp3.000.000
                                                            90HKP@Rp12.000     Rp1.080.000
-  Mandor                                             4bln@Rp500.000        Rp2.000.000
                                                                                               --------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp9.240.000

IV. Peralatan
-  Sprayer/alat semprot                         3buah@Rp300.000     Rp   900.000
-  Ember                                             20buah@Rp10.000       Rp   200.000
-  Drum                                                3 buah@Rp200.000    Rp   600.000
-  Gembor                                            1 buah@Rp50.000      Rp     50.000
-  Peti                                            1.250buah@Rp4.000         Rp5.000.000
                                                                                               --------------
                                                                       Subtotal            Rp6.750.000

V. Sewa Lahan/Musim                                                             Rp1.000.000
VI. Saung/Gubuk                                                                     Rp    500.000
                                                                        Total               Rp49.895.500
Populasi tanaman          : 25.000 batang
Produksi                       : 50 ton
Hasil Panen                  : 50.000 kg x Rp2.000
                                    : Rp100.000.000
Keuntungan             : Rp100.000.000–Rp49.895.500 = Rp50.104.500
Catatan :   HKP = Hari Kerja Pria, HKW = Hari Kerja Wanita
                  Penanaman dilakukan pertama kali, sehingga sarana produksi selain benih, pupuk,
                 dan pestisida harus disediakan.

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